Community of Practice
Lave & Wenger, 1991
A set of relations among persons, activity, and world, over time and in relation with other tangential and overlapping communities of practice.
Lave, J. & Wenger, E. Situated Learning: legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1991:98
Wenger and Snyder, 2000
A group of people, informally bound together by shared expertise and passion for a joint enterprise.
Wenger, E.C., and Snyder, W.M., "Communities of practice: the organizational frontier", Harvard Business Review, Vol. 78 No.1, 2000:139.
Lesser and Prusak, 2000
Collections of individuals bound by informal relationships that share similar work roles and a common context.
Lesser, E. and L. Prusak "Communities of practice, social capital and organisational knowledge", in E. Lesser, M. Fontaine and J. Slusher, eds.,Knowledge and Communities, Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston. 2000:125