Community of Practice

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Lave & Wenger, 1991[edit]

A set of relations among persons, activity, and world, over time and in relation with other tangential and overlapping communities of practice.

Lave, J. & Wenger, E. Situated Learning: legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1991:98

Wenger and Snyder, 2000[edit]

A group of people, informally bound together by shared expertise and passion for a joint enterprise.

Wenger, E.C., and Snyder, W.M., "Communities of practice: the organizational frontier", Harvard Business Review, Vol. 78 No.1, 2000:139.

Lesser and Prusak, 2000[edit]

Collections of individuals bound by informal relationships that share similar work roles and a common context.

Lesser, E. and L. Prusak "Communities of practice, social capital and organisational knowledge", in E. Lesser, M. Fontaine and J. Slusher, eds.,Knowledge and Communities, Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston. 2000:125