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Goffman, 1955[edit]

The positive social value a person effectively claims for himself by the line others assume he has taken during a particular contact. Face is an image of self delineated in terms of approved social attributes.

Goffman, E., 'On facework,' Psychiatry, 18, 1955:213

Brown and Levinson, 1987[edit]

The public self-image that every member wants to claim for himself.

Brown, P. and S. Levinson, Politeness: Some Universals in Language Use, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.1987:61