Narrative

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Labov, 1972[edit]

one method of recapitulating past experience by matching a verbal sequence of clauses to the sequence of events which (it is inferred) actually occurred.

Labov, William. Language in the inner city: Studies in the Black English vernacular. Vol. 3. University of Pennsylvania Press, 1972:359-60

Scholes, 1981[edit]

A narration is the symbolic presentation of a sequence of events”

Scholes, Robert. “Language, Narrative, and Anti-Narrative.” In On Narrative, edited by W.J.T. Mitchell, 200–208. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1981:205

Genette, 1982[edit]

One will define narrative without difficulty as the representation of an event or sequence of events.

Genette, Gérard. “Frontiers of Narrative.” In Figures of Literary Discourse, translated by Alan Sheridan,introduced by Marie-Rose Logan, 127–144. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1982:127

Prince, 1982[edit]

The representation of real or fictive events and situations in a time sequence.

Prince, Gerald. Narratology: The Form and Functioning of Narrative. Berlin: Mouton, 1982:1

Toolan, 1988[edit]

A perceived sequence of nonrandomly connected events

Toolan, Michael. Narrative. A Critical Linguistic Introduction. London: Routledge. 1988:7

Bruner, 1990[edit]

A unique sequence of events, mental states, happenings involving human beings as characters or actors. These are its constituents. But these constituents do not, as it were, have a life or meaning of their own. Their meaning is given by their place in the overall configuration of the sequence as a whole - its plot or fabula.

Bruner, J. Acts of meaning. Harvard University Press. 1990:43

Onega and Landa, 1996[edit]

A semiotic representation of a series of events.

Onega, Susana, and José Ángel García Landa, eds. Narratology: An Introduction. London: Longman, 1996:6